The history of coffee in the world
The history of coffee can be traced back from around the 9th century, in the highlands of Ethiopia. From there it spread to Egypt and Yemen, and then in the fifteenth century extended to Persia, Egypt, Turkey and northern Africa.
History Of Coffee
Initially coffee is less accepted by some people. In 1511, due to the effects of stimulation, it was forbidden to be used by conservative and orthodox ministers in the Meccan religious assemblies. However, due to the popularity of this drink, the ban in 1524 was removed on the orders of Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Empire. In Cairo, Egypt, a similar ban was passed in 1532, where coffee shops and coffee shops were closed.
From the Muslim world, coffee spread to Europe, where it became popular in the 17th century. The Dutch were the first to import large quantities of coffee into Europe, and at one time smuggled the seeds in 1690, as raw crops or seeds were not allowed out of the Arab region. This was followed by coffee planting in Java by the Dutch.
When coffee reaches the American colonies, the coffee is not as successful in Europe as it is considered less alcoholic. However, during the Revolutionary War, demand for coffee increased rapidly, until dealers had to open up reserves and dramatically raise prices; partly because of the declining supply of tea by UK traders. American interest in coffee grew in the early nineteenth century, after the war of 1812, where access to tea imports was temporarily disrupted, and also due to the rise in beverage-making technology, the position of coffee as a daily commodity in America increased.
History of Coffee in Indonesia
Coffee Indonesia is currently rated from the results, ranked fourth in the world's largest. Coffee has a long history and has an important role for economic growth in Indonesia. Indonesia is blessed with a geographical location that is perfect for coffee plants. Indonesia's location is ideal for microclimate for coffee growth and production.
In the coffee guide in Indonesia is under the Dutch government. Coffee enters in Indonesia via Sri Lanka (Ceylon). In the cultivation of the Dutch government to grow coffee in the area around Batavia (Jakarta), Sukabumi and Bogor. Coffee is also grown in East Java, Central Java, West Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi. At the beginning of the 20th century coffee plantations in Indonesia were attacked by pests, which almost destroyed the entire coffee plant. At that time coffee was also grown in Timor and Flores. This island at that time was under the rule of the Portuguese. The type of coffee grown there is also Arabica coffee. This coffee is not attacked by pests.
Coffee beans that have been fried
The Dutch government then planted Liberika coffee to cope with the pest. This variety is not so popular and is also attacked by pests. Liberika coffee can still be found on the island of Java, although rarely grown as a commercial production material. The Liberika coffee bean is slightly larger than Arabica coffee beans and Robusta coffee. actually, this coffee plantation is not attacked by pests, but there is a plantation revolution where the plantation workers cut down all coffee plantations in Java in particular and throughout Indonesia in general.